Interaction patterns in Whatsapp conversation in EFL classroom: pedagogical implications

Pir Suhail Ahmed Sarhandi, Jabreel Asghar, Ali Ahmad Abidi


Two corpora of online conversation on a mobile phone application Whatsapp by two EFL groups were analysed to examine the types and quality of online interaction in EFL context. The analysis focused on three main categories, i.e. nature of interaction, quality of interaction and quality of language of interaction, to assess if using the application in classroom setting provided enhanced learning experience with greater support and exposure to target language. We categorised interaction types in the corpora to determine the variety of interaction, and used the numerical data to scaffold descriptive analysis of the quality of interaction as well as language. Analysis of the corpora revealed that the participants preferred using the application more for administrative communication, rather than discussing the subject matter and meta-language, mainly due to unplanned use of the application, and the students therefore missing the opportunity to process the target language in real life. The findings referred to conversational theory in relation to theoretical and pedagogical implication of using Whatsapp more effectively, for enhanced learning opportunities in EFL classroom.



WhatsApp, MALL, Pedagogical instructions, EFL, Conversational Theory

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